Green Book . Country

Germany

Germany is the EU’s largest economy and the world’s third.

Environmental Data

CO2 equivalent emissions from Germany are far higher than any other country in the EU. This is likely connected to a combination of a strong manufacturing base and a legacy of dirty power generation.

Germany is a big polluter

Germany’s CO2 Equivalent emissions stand at nearly a billion tonnes, almost double that of the second worst country – the UK.

CountryMillions Tonnes CO2 Equivalent
EU Mean158.6
Italy438.2
France475.4
United Kingdom516.8
Germany935.8

Change has been at one of the slowest rates in the EU

The speed at which Germany is reducing its emissions is one of the slowest in the EU. Between 2006 and 16, it saw an 8.7 per cent reduction, far below the EU mean.

Country% Change
United Kingdom-28.40%
Italy-24.40%
EU Mean-16.09%
France-14.80%
Germany-8.70%

High emissions mean high contributions from the population

The high level of emissions gives Germany the 24th worst emissions per head of population in the EU.

CountryMillions Tonnes CO2 Equivalent
France7.1
Italy7.2
United Kingdom7.9
EU Mean8.7
Germany11.3

The trend continues in GDP

The size of Germany’s economy offsets some of the emissions cost per €1 billion GDP. It sits on the mean and lags behind the other 3 major economies.

CountryMillions Tonnes CO2 Equivalent
France0.22
United Kingdom0.22
Italy0.26
Germany0.3
EU Mean0.3

Commentary

Germany has an emissions problem. It’s level of emissions are by far the largest in the EU and its rate of change is lacklustre. However, there is huge potential for the country to rapidly decarbonise as it decommissions dirty coal power stations and manufacturing processes improve.

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