India has an energy deficit of approximately 2.4 percent across the country. However, this is not evenly spaced. The Western and Eastern regions are both producing surplus energy, while the Southern region is experiencing significant shortfalls.
Current energy consumption per capita is approximately 1,100 kWh per annum. This is far below the current global mean of circa 8,000 kWh.
Industrial countries such as the UK and Germany that have a strong focus on emissions reduction are seeing consumption around 4,600 – 6600 kWh per annum. As India industrialises and improves its infrastructure we’d expect to see consumption rise to circa 4,700 – 6,600 kWh per annum per capita.
In 2018-9, India generated 1.4 gigawatts of energy. To achieve energy parity as an industrial nation and support a population of 1.67 billion, we’d expect to see annual generation capacity increase to 10-14 gigawatts.
At present we’re not convinced India is up to meeting this challenge. New wind commissions have fallen substantially since 2016-7 and solar adoption has been held back by a lack of government support and funding. Karnataka has suspended new solar commissions due to a surplus of solar power, even though continued support would contribute to reducing CO2 and other emissions in line with Paris Agreement targets.